DESIGNS: X FRAMES, 1896 onwards

“A new style of cross frame – also known as the ‘X Frame’ – was introduced in Britain in the late 1890s. No, not the type that was heralded by Hillman, Herbert & Cooper’s Premier in 1886, but the more sophisticated version that really began with F. Bowden’s 1894 patent for the lady’s Raleigh. Although Bowden was granted the palent, G.P. Mills took the credit for the design. There was apparently no development until 1898, when the well-known Raleigh cross-frame appeared; it was to last for about 40 years.

Then in 1899 G. L. Morris was granted a patent that covered practically every permutation possible in tube-crossings, and the famous Referee cross-frame appeared on the market. From then on, most if not all makers of cross-frames paid royalties to either Raleigh or Referee.”

Chater-Lea used the Bowden patent, the Cycle Components Co used the Morris. But what about Centaur?

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Items in this Collection

1896 Mikael Pedersen Small Men’s Bicycle

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1896 Referee Cross Frame Tandem

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1900 Cross (X) Frame Raleigh Gent’s Light Roadster

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1900 Dursley Pedersen ‘Detachable’ Military Cycle

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1902 Centaur Featherweight (Hub 2-Speed Gear)

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1904 Dursley Pedersen ‘Size 3’ Royal Roadster

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1904 Dursley Pedersen Gentleman’s Royal Roadster

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1904 Dursley Pedersen Gentlemen’s Royal Roadster (Size 6)

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1904 Dursley Pedersen Lady’s Royal Roadster

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1904-1908 Centaur Featherweight Tall 28″ Frame

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1906 Centaur Featherweight Cross-Frame Roadster

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1906 Dursley Pedersen No 5 Cantilever Standard #3180

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1906 Dursley Pedersen No 5 Cantilever Standard #3186

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1906 Elswick Gentleman’s Special Cross Truss Frame ‘Model 6’ Bicycle

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1906 Royal Enfield Lady’s Standard Girder

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1907 Raleigh Superbe X Frame

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1908 Components Ltd Ariel Featherweight X Frame

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1908 Royal Enfield ‘Modele Riche’ Lady’s Duplex Girder

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1909 Dursley Pedersen ‘Cantilever Standard’ (3 Speed)

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1909 Dursley Pedersen Three-Speed Cantilever Standard

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1909 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame Model 20A

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1909 RESILIENT ROYAL CENTAUR VIDEO

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1910 New Imperial ‘Girplex’ Cross Frame

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1910 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame (Green)

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1910s BICYCLETTE PLIANTE PEUGEOT ‘SYSTEM GERARD’

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1910s Components Ltd patent X Frame (Wearwell)

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1910s Components Ltd X Frame

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1911 Dursley Pedersen Cantilever 3-Speed No 4 Gents

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1911 Raleigh Modele Superbe Ladies X Frame

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1911 Raleigh Modele Superbe Ladies X Frame (Unrestored)

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1912 Raleigh Superbe All-Steel X Frame (Green)

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1912 Royal Enfield Duplex Girder Lady’s

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1913 Centaur ‘Featherweight’

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1913 Dursley Pedersen No 3 Cantilever Standard

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1913 Motorized Dursley Pedsersen (with Wall Autowheel)

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1914 Dursley Pedersen No 4 Cantilever Standard

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1917 Raleigh All-Steel Superbe Model 20 Gents Cross-Frame (X Frame)

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1918 Raleigh X Frame Tandem (1907 Specification)

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1920s Automoto ‘Cadre Renforcé’ (French X Frame)

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1920s Cycles Wonder ‘X frame’ pour Homme

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FOR SALE

1920s MAD French Cross-frame

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1920s Manufacture Ardennaise French ‘Cross-frame’

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1920s Terrot ‘Ravel’ Cross-frame / Reinforced Frame

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1921 Raleigh All-Steel ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (Green Enamel)

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1923 Raleigh All-Steel ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (Green)

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1923 Raleigh All-Steel ‘Modele Superbe’ X Frame (Black)

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1926 Centaur (by Humber) Cross-Frame ‘Model 13’

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1926 Gentleman’s Elswick Popular Cross Truss

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1927 Raleigh Gent’s Modele Superbe X Frame (Green Enamel)

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1929 Raleigh Modele Superbe 30″ X Frame – The World’s Tallest Cross Frame

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1929 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame (Green)

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1929 Taylor Cadet Cyclet Bicycle

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1930 Armstrong Gent’s ‘Riche’ Cross-frame Roadster

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1930 Raleigh Gent’s 26″ Frame Model Superbe X Frame

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1930 Raleigh Gent’s Model Superbe X Frame (Restored)

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1930 Raleigh Model Superbe X Frame (Green, Unrestored)

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1930s Hercules Junior X Frame

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1930s/1940s Gazelle Gents’ Cross Frame

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1931 Raleigh Modele Superbe X Frame (Green, Mint Condition)

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1932 J. Harrison Kensington ‘Featherweight’ X-Frame

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