DESIGNS: SPRING FRAMES & FORKS

PHOTO: 1888 Rudge’s Patent Non-vibrating Spring Fork

Before pneumatic tyres, springing was sometimes used to combat the hard ride provided by solid tyres: for example, a spring between the fork top and steering head was common on 1889/1890 bicycles.
The concept was resurrected in the late 1890s and early 1900s to try out suspension parts that manufacturers thought might be useful on the new ‘motor bicycles’.
In the USA, ‘cushion’ frames featured a ‘shock absorber’ type rear fork and pivot at the bottom bracket, and sprung front forks were also offered as an option. In Britain, some bicycles were designed with integral springing, such as the BSA Spring-frame.

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Items in this Collection

1887 Starley & Sutton ‘Special’ Rover

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1887 The Victor Safety (Cross frame Springfork)

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1888 Rudge Bicyclette Dwarf Safety Roadster with Spring Fork

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1889 Jackson & Beeston ‘Globe’

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1889/1890 Overman Victor Spring-fork Safety

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1890 Woodhead, Angois & Ellis ‘Raleigh’ Road Racer

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1891 Overman Victor Spring-fork Safety

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1891 Rudge Bicyclette Diamant ‘Modele H’

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1891 Singer Apollo Safety

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1898 Triumph Resilient Model 24AA

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1900 Barnes ‘The White Flyer’ Cushion Frame

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1900 BSA Lady’s Spring-Frame

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1901-1903 BSA Gents’ Springframe (with Patent Backpedal Brake)

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1902 BSA Fittings Cushion Frame

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1902 Haviland ‘Victoria’ BSA Spring Frame Roadster

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1903 Columbia Model 106 Cushion Chainless

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1904 Columbia 28″ Cushion Arch-bar Chainless Roadster with Hartford Tire Coaster Brake

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1904 Pope Men’s Rambler Chainless ‘Model 451C’ with Hygienic Cushion Frame

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1905 Herrenrad Victoria with Spring Wheels (used in WW1)

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1905 National Cushion Frame Spring Fork Chainless

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1908 Racycle Cushion Frame Pacemaker with Safety Cushion Tri-Spring Fork

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1912 Bianchi Militare Model C with Front & Rear Suspension

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1914 Bianchi ‘Model 1912’ Military Folding Bicycle

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1915 Dayton Spring-Fork Roadster (with Kelly Adjustable Handlebar)

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1917 Iver Johnson Cushion Truss Frame Track Racer

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FOR SALE

1922 Monet & Goyon VELO-FAUTEUIL Mixte Tricycle

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1923 Triumph Model LW ‘Junior’ 250cc 2-Speed

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FOR SALE

1924 ‘Berceuse’ Clement with Front & Rear Suspension

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1927 Motoconfort 308cc 2-Stroke Belt-Drive

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1927 Vialle Freres Bicyclette Elastique

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1928 ‘Berceuse’ Gladiator (with Front & Rear Suspension)

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1930 ‘S Frame’ Suspension (Spring-frame) Bicycle

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1930s German Bicycle with Cantilever Rear Suspension

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1935 Anker Sichelrad Spring-Fork Men’s Bicycle

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1936 CCM ‘Flyte Streamlined’

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1939 Anker Sichelrad Lady’s Springfork Bike

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1939 Bates Cantiflex with Diadrant Forks

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1950 Malvern Star ‘Streamlyne’

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1952 Rollfast 26″ Hopalong Cassidy Super de Luxe 26″ Spring Fork Cowboy Bike

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1953 BSA Winged Wheel. BSA ‘615 WW’ Frame with Webb Forks

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FOR SALE

1953 Simplex Zweeffiets Spring frame

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CYCLE ATTACHMENT ENGINES: 1910 CCM ‘Motosacoche’ Lightweight Motorcycle

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PATENT WARS: THE CUSHION FRAME

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